Wafer-scale growth of large arrays of perovskite microplate crystals for functional electronics and optoelectronics
Gongming Wang, Dehui Li, Hung-Chieh Cheng, Yongjia Li, Chih-Yen Chen, Anxiang Yin, Zipeng Zhao, Zhaoyang Lin, Hao Wu, Qiyuan He, Mengning Ding, Yuan Liu, Yu Huang, Xiangfeng Duan
Sci. Adv. 1, e1500613 (2015)
Methylammonium lead iodide perovskite has attracted intensive interest for its diverse optoelectronic applications. However, most studies to date have been limited to bulk thin films that are difficult to implement for integrated device arrays because of their incompatibility with typical lithography processes. We report the first patterned growth of regular arrays of perovskite microplate crystals for functional electronics and optoelectronics. We show that large arrays of lead iodide microplates can be grown from an aqueous solution through a seeded growth process and can be further intercalated with methylammonium iodide to produce perovskite crystals. Structural and optical characterizations demonstrate that the resulting materials display excellent crystalline quality and optical properties. We further show that perovskite crystals can be selectively grown on prepatterned electrode arrays to create independently addressable photodetector arrays and functional field effect transistors. The ability to grow perovskite microplates and to precisely place them at specific locations offers a new material platform for the fundamental investigation of the electronic and optical properties of perovskite materials and opens a pathway for integrated electronic and optoelectronic systems.