Mechanically Shaped Two-Dimensional Covalent Organic Frameworks Reveal Crystallographic Alignment and Fast Li-Ion Conductivity
Demetrius A Vazquez-Molina, Gavin S Mohammad-Pour, Chain Lee, Matthew W Logan, Xiangfeng Duan, James K Harper, Fernando J Uribe-Romo
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 138, 9767-9770 (2016)
Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) usually crystallize as insoluble powders, and their processing for suitable devices is thought to be limited. We demonstrate that COFs can be mechanically pressed into shaped objects having anisotropic ordering with preferred orientation between hk0 and 00l crystallographic planes. Five COFs with different functionality and symmetry exhibited similar crystallographic behavior and remarkable stability, indicating the generality of this processing. Pellets prepared from bulk COF powders impregnated with LiClO4 displayed room temperature conductivity up to 0.26 mS cm–1 and high electrochemical stability. This outcome portends use of COFs as solid-state electrolytes in batteries.