Duan Research Group

Hetero-integrated Nanostructures and Nanodevices


Lead halide perovskite sensitized WSe2 photodiodes with ultrahigh open circuit voltages

Sung-Joon Lee, Hung-Chieh Cheng, Yiliu Wang, Boxuan Zhou, Dehui Li, Gongming Wang, Yuan Liu, Jian Guo, Hao Wu, Dae Joon Kang, Yu Huang, Xiangfeng Duan

eLight (2023)

Two-dimensional semiconductors (2DSCs) have attracted considerable interests for optoelectronic devices, but are often plagued by the difficulties in tailoring the charge doping type and poor optical absorption due to their atomically thin geometry. Herein, we report a methylammonium lead iodide perovskite (CH3NH3PbI3)/2DSC heterojunction device, in which the electric-field controllable ion migration in the perovskite layer is exploited to induce reversible electron- and hole-doping effects in the underlying monolayer tungsten diselenide (WSe2) to form a programmable p–n photodiode. At the same time, the CH3NH3PbI3 layer functions as a highly efficient sensitization layer to greatly boost the optical absorption and external quantum efficiency (EQE) of the resulting photodiode. By asymmetrically poling the perovskite layer, gold-contacted CH3NH3PbI3/WSe2 devices show a switchable open circuit voltage up to 0.78 V, along with a high EQE of 84.3%. The integration of tunable graphene-contacts further improves the photodiode performance to achieve a highest open circuit voltage of 1.08 V and a maximum EQE of 91.3%, greatly exceeding those achieved previously in 2DSC lateral diodes. Our studies establish a non-invasive approach to switch optoelectronic functions and open up a new avenue toward high-performance reconfigurable optoelectronic devices from 2DSCs.
UCLA, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
607 Charles E. Young Drive East, Box 951569
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1569
E-mail: xduan@chem.ucla.edu