Microwave‐Assisted Rapid Synthesis of Graphene‐Supported Single Atomic Metals
Huilong Fei, Juncai Dong, Chengzhang Wan, Zipeng Zhao, Xiang Xu, Zhaoyang Lin, Yiliu Wang, Haotian Liu, Ketao Zang, Jun Luo, Shenglong Zhao, Wei Hu, Wensheng Yan, Imran Shakir, Yu Huang, Xiangfeng Duan
Adv. Mater. 30, 1802146 (2018)
Graphene‐supported single atomic metals (G‐SAMs) have recently attracted considerable research interest for their intriguing catalytic, electronic, and magnetic properties. The development of effective synthetic methodologies toward G‐SAMs with monodispersed metal atoms is vital for exploring their fundamental properties and potential applications. A convenient, rapid, and general strategy to synthesize a series of monodispersed atomic transition metals (for example, Co, Ni, Cu) embedded in nitrogen‐doped graphene by two‐second microwave (MW) heating the mixture of amine‐functionalized graphene oxide and metal salts is reported here. The MW heating is able to simultaneously induce the reduction of graphene oxide, the doping of nitrogen, and the incorporation of metal atoms into the graphene lattices in one simple step. The rapid MW process minimizes metal diffusion and aggregation to ensure exclusive single metal atom dispersion in graphene lattices. Electrochemical studies demonstrate that graphene‐supported Co atoms can function as highly active electrocatalysts toward the hydrogen evolution reaction. This MW‐assisted method provides a rapid and efficient avenue to supported metal atoms for wide ranges of applications.