Maximizing the Current Output in Self-Aligned Graphene-InAs-Metal Vertical Transistors
Yuan Liu, Jian Guo, Enbo Zhu, Peiqi Wang, Vincent Gambin, Yu Huang, Xiangfeng Duan
ACS Nano 13, 847–854 (2019)
With finite density of states and electrostatically tunable work function, graphene can function as a tunable contact for a semiconductor channel to enable vertical field-effect transistors (VFETs). However, the overall performance, especially the output current density, is still limited by the low conductance of the vertical semiconductor channel, as well as large series resistance of the graphene electrode. To overcome these limitations, we construct a VFET by using single-crystal InAs film as the high-conductance vertical channel and self-aligned metal contact as the source-drain electrodes, resulting in a record high current density over 45 000 A/cm2 at a low bias voltage of 1 V. Furthermore, we construct a device-level VFET model using the resistor network method, and experimentally validate the impact of each geometry parameter on device performance. Importantly, we found the device performance is not only a function of the intrinsic channel material, but also greatly influenced by device geometries and footprint. Our study not only pushes the performance limit of graphene VFETs, but also sheds light on van der Waals integration between two-dimensional material and conventional bulk material for high-performance VFETs and circuits.